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The general aim of GST 105 ‘History and Philosophy of Science’ is to: 1. Stimulate your interest in science by encouraging you to think critically. 2. Help you attain a personal philosophy of life – that is to develop some set of principles that will guide your actions in relation to other people. While going through this course, you will learn about how science and its branches originated, the contributions of ancient Africans to science, and how the use of scientific knowledge has helped to improve or mar our lives. The study of the history of science and its philosophy is very important. This is because the knowledge of today incorporates the discoveries of the past and the method through which those discoveries were made. Thus if you are to appreciate your programme and the level of advance it has attained, you must know something of how and where it originated and how it has evolved to its present state. Towards the end of this course, you will be exposed to the contributions of some great Nigerian scientists. This will motivate you to make your own contributions to society in whatever programme you may be running.